Commonly used Technology abbreviations and their meanings

December 23, 2021 | by Taofeeq

Commonly used Technology abbreviations and their meanings

In the fast-paced realm of technology, a slew of abbreviations and acronyms can leave even the tech-savvy scratching their heads. To demystify the digital language, let’s delve into a comprehensive guide to commonly used technology abbreviations and their meanings.

Table of Contents

1. AI – Artificial Intelligence

  • Meaning: Simulating human intelligence in machines, AI encompasses tasks like learning, reasoning, problem-solving, and perception.

2. IoT – Internet of Things

  • Meaning: The interconnection of everyday devices to the internet, enabling them to send and receive data. Examples include smart home devices and wearable tech.

3. VR – Virtual Reality

  • Meaning: Creating immersive, computer-generated environments that users can interact with, often using specialized headsets.

4. AR – Augmented Reality

  • Meaning: Enhancing real-world experiences by overlaying digital information, such as graphics or data, onto the physical environment.

5. API – Application Programming Interface

  • Meaning: A set of rules that allows different software applications to communicate with each other.

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6. HTTPS – Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

  • Meaning: A secure version of the HTTP protocol used for secure communication over a computer network, commonly the internet.

7. SSD – Solid State Drive

  • Meaning: A storage device that uses NAND-based flash memory to store data, offering faster access times and durability compared to traditional hard disk drives (HDD).

8. DNS – Domain Name System

  • Meaning: Translates human-readable domain names into IP addresses, facilitating the identification of computer systems on a network.

9. HTML – Hypertext Markup Language

  • Meaning: The standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.

10. VPN – Virtual Private Network

  • Meaning: A secure connection that allows users to access a private network over the internet, ensuring data confidentiality and security.

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11. CPU – Central Processing Unit

  • Meaning: Often referred to as the brain of the computer, the CPU performs the majority of processing tasks, executing instructions of a computer program.

12. GPU – Graphics Processing Unit

  • Meaning: Specialized hardware designed to accelerate the rendering of graphics and images, commonly used in gaming and video editing.

13. LAN – Local Area Network

  • Meaning: A network that connects computers and devices within a limited geographical area, such as a home, office, or campus.

14. WAN – Wide Area Network

  • Meaning: A network that covers a broader geographical area, connecting multiple LANs and facilitating communication over long distances.

15. BIOS – Basic Input/Output System

  • Meaning: Firmware that initializes and tests hardware components during a computer’s startup process, ensuring they function correctly before the operating system kicks in.

16. URL – Uniform Resource Locator

  • Meaning: The address used to access resources on the internet, specifying the protocol (e.g., HTTP, HTTPS), domain name, and path.

17. FTP – File Transfer Protocol

  • Meaning: A standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another over a TCP-based network, commonly used for uploading website files.

18. SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

  • Meaning: A protocol used for sending and receiving email, governing the transmission of messages between email servers.

19. VoIP – Voice over Internet Protocol

  • Meaning: Technology that allows voice communication and multimedia sessions over the internet, often used for making phone calls over the web.

20. PDF – Portable Document Format

  • Meaning: A file format that presents documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

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21. LAN – Neural Network

  • Meaning: An interconnected system of nodes, inspired by the structure of the human brain, designed to learn and make decisions without explicit programming. Widely used in machine learning.

22. SDK – Software Development Kit

  • Meaning: A set of software tools and libraries that developers use to create applications for specific platforms, frameworks, or programming languages.

23. DNS – Content Delivery Network (CDN)

  • Meaning: A network of distributed servers that work together to deliver web content, enhancing performance and reliability by minimizing latency.

24. SSL/TLS – Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security

  • Meaning: Protocols that secure internet communication, providing encryption and authentication for data transmitted between systems, commonly used for secure online transactions.

25. OCR – Optical Character Recognition

  • Meaning: Technology that converts different types of documents, such as scanned paper documents, PDFs, or images, into editable and searchable data.

26. CMS – Content Management System

  • Meaning: A software application or set of related programs that enable users to create, manage, and modify digital content, often used for websites.

27. SaaS – Software as a Service

  • Meaning: A software distribution model where applications are hosted by a third-party provider and made available to customers over the internet.

28. RAM – Random Access Memory

  • Meaning: Computer memory that is used to store data and machine code currently being used and processed by a computer, providing quick access for efficient operation.

29. API – RESTful API

  • Meaning: Representational State Transfer, a set of architectural principles for creating web services, ensuring interoperability between computer systems on the internet.

30. CAD – Computer-Aided Design

  • Meaning: The use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design, commonly used in engineering and architecture.

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31. RPA – Robotic Process Automation

  • Meaning: The use of software robots or “bots” to automate repetitive tasks, allowing businesses to streamline processes and increase efficiency.

32. DNS – Deep Learning

  • Meaning: A subset of machine learning that involves artificial neural networks with multiple layers (deep neural networks), capable of learning and making decisions without explicit programming.

33. CCTV – Closed-Circuit Television

  • Meaning: A system of video cameras used for surveillance purposes, transmitting signals to a specific set of monitors or recording devices.

34. SQL – Structured Query Language

  • Meaning: A domain-specific language used for managing and manipulating relational databases, allowing users to query and update data.

35. API – GraphQL

  • Meaning: A query language and runtime for APIs, designed to provide a more efficient, powerful, and flexible alternative to traditional REST APIs.

36. IPv6 – Internet Protocol version 6

  • Meaning: The most recent version of the Internet Protocol, designed to replace IPv4, providing a larger address space to accommodate the growing number of devices connected to the internet.

37. URL – Uniform Resource Locator

  • Meaning: A specific character string that constitutes a reference to a resource, specifying the means to access it, often on the World Wide Web.

38. CSV – Comma-Separated Values

  • Meaning: A simple file format used to store tabular data, where each line of the file represents a row, and each value within that row is separated by commas.

39. IDE – Integrated Development Environment

  • Meaning: A software application that provides comprehensive facilities to programmers for software development, combining code editing, debugging, and build automation.

40. SSL/TLS – Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

  • Meaning: A security process in which a user provides two different authentication factors to verify their identity, often combining a password with a unique code sent to a mobile device.

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41. SDK – ARPU: Average Revenue Per User

  • Meaning: A key performance indicator used by businesses to evaluate the average amount of revenue generated by each user, often employed in the context of mobile apps and subscription services.

42. BI – Business Intelligence

  • Meaning: Technologies, processes, and tools that help organizations analyze and make informed decisions based on data, fostering a data-driven approach to business strategies.

43. CMS – WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get

  • Meaning: An editing interface that allows content creators to see the final appearance of their content as they edit it, simplifying the content creation process.

44. VoIP – PBX: Private Branch Exchange

  • Meaning: A private telephone network used within an organization, enabling users to communicate internally and externally using different communication channels.

45. IoT – M2M: Machine-to-Machine

  • Meaning: Direct communication between devices without human intervention, often used in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT) for seamless data exchange.

46. HTML – CSS: Cascading Style Sheets

  • Meaning: A style sheet language used for describing the look and formatting of a document written in HTML, enhancing the visual presentation of web pages.

47. VPN – IPsec: Internet Protocol Security

  • Meaning: A suite of protocols for securing internet communications, providing authentication and encryption for data transferred between devices.

48. DNS – DoS: Denial of Service

  • Meaning: A cyber-attack that aims to make a computer or network resource unavailable to its intended users, typically by overwhelming the targeted system with traffic.

49. SSD – RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disks

  • Meaning: A storage technology that combines multiple disk drives into a single logical unit to improve data storage performance, reliability, or both.

50. LAN – PoE: Power over Ethernet

  • Meaning: A technology that enables electrical power to be transmitted over Ethernet cables, commonly used to power network devices like IP cameras and VoIP phones.

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51. API – CRUD: Create, Read, Update, Delete

  • Meaning: A set of basic operations used in database management and web development, representing the four main functions for persistent storage.

52. URL – UTM: Urchin Tracking Module

  • Meaning: A set of parameters added to a URL to track and analyze the effectiveness of online marketing campaigns, providing insights into user behavior.

53. SEO – SERP: Search Engine Results Page

  • Meaning: The page displayed by a search engine in response to a user’s query, showing a list of web pages with relevant content.

54. API – SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol

  • Meaning: A protocol for exchanging structured information in web services, allowing programs running on different operating systems to communicate with each other.

55. RPA – BPM: Business Process Management

  • Meaning: A discipline that uses various methods to discover, model, analyze, measure, improve, optimize, and automate business processes.

56. SMTP – IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol

  • Meaning: An internet standard protocol used by email clients to retrieve messages from a mail server, enabling users to access their email from multiple devices.

57. VPN – PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

  • Meaning: A method for implementing virtual private networks, often used for secure remote access connections.

58. API – JSON: JavaScript Object Notation

  • Meaning: A lightweight data interchange format that is easy for humans to read and write, and easy for machines to parse and generate.

59. CAD – CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing

  • Meaning: The use of computer software and machinery to facilitate and automate the manufacturing process, ensuring precision and efficiency.

60. IoT – NFC: Near Field Communication

  • Meaning: A set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices to establish communication by bringing them within a short distance of each other.

Some other abbreviations and their meanings are listed in the table below.

Abbreviations Meaning
PAN permanent account number.
PDF portable document format.
SIM Subscriber Identity Module
ATM Automated Teller machine
IFSC Indian Financial System Code
FSSAI Food Safety & Standards Authority of India
Wi-Fi Wireless fidelity
GOOGLE Global Organization Of Oriented Group Language Of Earth
YAHOO Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle
WINDOW Wide Interactive Network Development for Office work Solution
COMPUTER Common Oriented Machine. Particularly United and used under Technical and Educational Research
VIRUS Switches between applications on taskbar
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
AMOLED Active-matrix organic light-emitting diode
OLED Organic light-emitting diode
IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identity
ESN Electronic Serial Number
UPS Uninterruptible power supply
HDMI High-Definition Multimedia Interface
VPN Virtual private network
APN Access Point Name
LED Light emitting diode
DLNA Digital Living Network Alliance
RAM Random access memory
ROM Read only memory
VGA Video Graphics Array
QVGA Quarter Video Graphics Array
WVGA Wide video graphics array
WXGA Widescreen Extended Graphics Array
USB Universal serial Bus
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
PPI Pixels Per Inch
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
HSDPA High speed down-link packet access
HSUPA High-Speed Uplink Packet Access
HSPA High Speed Packet Access
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
EDGE Enhanced Data Rates for Globa Evolution
NFC Near field communication
OTG On-the-go
S-LCD Super Liquid Crystal Display
O.S Operating system
SNS Social network service
P.O.I Point of interest
GPS Global Positioning System
DVD Digital Video Disk
DTP Desk top publishing
DNSE Digital natural sound engine
OVI Ohio Video Intranet
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
WCDMA Wide-band Code Division Multiple Access
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
DIVX Digital internet video access
APK Authenticated public key
J2ME Java 2 micro edition
SIS Installation source
DELL igital electronic link library
ACER Acquisition Collaboration Experimentation Reflection
RSS Really simple syndication
TFT Thin film transistor
AMR Adaptive Multi-Rate
MPEG Moving Pictures Experts Group
IVRS Interactive Voice Response System
HP Hewlett Packard
LAN Local Area Network
ANSI American National Standards Institute
RDBMS Relational Database Management System
INTERNET Interconnected Network
POS Point of sale


Empower yourself with this handy guide to decode the technological alphabet soup. Whether you’re engaging in a conversation about the latest innovations or troubleshooting tech issues, understanding these technology abbreviations will keep you informed and tech-savvy in the ever-evolving world of technology. Stay connected and stay informed!


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